Recruit Works Institute Has Released the Results of "Survey on Managers in Five Countries"

Apr. 09, 2015
Recruit Holdings Co., Ltd.

Tokyo, Japan - April 9, 2015 - Recruit Holdings announced today that the Recruit Works Institute, a research institute supported by people and organizations belonging to Recruit Holdings Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo; President and Representative Director, CEO: Masumi Minegishi), has conducted the "Survey on Managers in Five Countries" covering managers and their management styles in China, Thailand, India, the U.S., and Japan as a global study project. This document summarizes our report entitled "Real Managers: An International Comparative Study on Managers."

The complete version of the report can be downloaded from the website of Recruit Works Institute shown below.

Infographic Videos Also Available

Together with the report, Recruit Holdings has uploaded a video describing the content of the Five Nation Manager Survey on YouTube.

The video is a one-minute summary for those who wish to view the content but feel it is difficult to get into because the results are complex or who are busy and only interested in the main points. Please take the time to have a look.

Survey Topics

Survey Topics

  • The number of immediate section members: A manager belonging to an administrative department of a company with 2,000 or more employees has only 5.0 section members in Japan and the U.S., while it is as many as 30.0 members in Thailand and 60.0 members in India.
  • Employees' job separation rate: Looking at the average job separation rate, India is the highest (31.0%), followed by Thailand (20.3%). Japan is low at 5.2%.
  • Time allocation of managers' roles: Major roles are organizational management in India and Thailand, employee management in the U.S., and "player" duties in Japan and China.
  • Working hours: About 30% of managers work 10 hours or more a day in Japan and the U.S., while employees also work long hours in Japan.
  • Age of promotion: Age of promotion to manager is 28.3 years in China and 38.6 years in Japan. In Japan, age of promotion to general manager is 44.0 years old, indicating that the age difference between manager and general manager is the largest (5.4 years old).
  • Image of ideal manager: Attractive personality in China, making employees feel confident in the U.S., and taking the initiative and leading by example in Japan.

Statistical Topics

One of a few international comparative studies that comprehensively examines the careers and management responsibilities of about 1,700 managers in five countries

Although individual countries have seen intensifying competition among companies for competent managers due to globalization, there have been few studies comparing managers and their management styles in the respective countries. This study shows clear differences among managers and their management styles through comparisons among five countries: China, Thailand, India, the U.S., and Japan.

Structurally analyzes managers' behaviors and attitudes based on quantitative information including working hours and age of promotion, and qualitative information including the image of the ideal manager

We collected quantitative information on managers including the number of section members, employees' job separation rate, annual incomes, and age of promotion. We also analyzed qualitative information on actual workplace climate, management style, preferences among work styles, concerns in the workplace, and images of ideal managers. This study clearly shows the backgrounds to differences in behaviors and attitudes among managers in the different countries.

Survey Summary

Objective of survey: To identify the actual status of managers and their management styles of companies located in five countries: China, Thailand, India, the U.S., and Japan

Subjects: Employees in a position equivalent to general manager (including plant managers and branch managers), managers of administrative departments (HR, general affairs, and others), managers of sales/marketing departments, who have worked for one year or more at a company with 100 employees

However, plant managers and branch managers were excluded from the reports in view of consistency of organizational scales and job descriptions.

Survey items: Actual status of organization, job, work style, career, attitudes, issues, and ideal image

Survey method: Internet research

Survey period: Overseas October 3-20, 2014  Japan September 24-29, 2014

Number of respondents: 1,666 persons (China: 318 persons, Thailand: 302 persons, India: 302 persons, the U.S.: 315 persons, Japan: 429 persons)

Number of valid respondents: 1,553 persons (China: 308 persons, Thailand: 271 persons, India: 250 persons, the U.S.: 295 persons, Japan: 429 persons)

For details of this matter, please check the following: